20th century Fauss


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…He said black tape wasn’t noticeable and there was less chance he’d be disqualified. He rode and won top money, seventy-five dollars. On the way to the hospital, he kept saying, “Sure glad I’m in the air force. Otherwise, it’d take all my winnings to pay the doctor bills…”

–quoted from Gunship, Spectre of Death by Henry Zeybel, 1987

The motorcycle racing movie Little Fauss and Big Halsy, Paramount Pictures, 1970, reviewed by Everard Cunion in September, 2015

This is a review of the rare region-free DVD edition of this movie.

Little Fauss and Big Halsy is a story of brave men and beautiful women. Specifically, it is the story of a friendship between two motorcycle racers in the late 1960s, Little Fauss, played by Michael J. Pollard, and Halsy Knox, played by Robert Redford. It is also a story about several women they meet, most notably recovering drug or alcohol addict Rita Nebraska, played by Lauren Hutton.

Robert Redford as Halsy Knox

Robert Redford as Halsy Knox

The DVD cover states that “Little Fauss and Big Halsy are not your father’s heroes.” Indeed, Little Fauss is short and wears spectacles. During a race in the desert that serves as backdrop to the opening titles, he is unable to see through the trail of dust from bikes ahead of him. He comes off, remounts, and sets off in the wrong direction – to the consternation of two riders who pass him coming the other way! (See my digression Dallas effect.)

Halsy Knox is not your father’s hero either. While he embodies the physical traits one expects of young men in the proverbial front rank, he also has some major character flaws — or what were once thought of as character flaws.

Michael J. Pollard as Little Fauss

Michael J. Pollard as Little Fauss

After the movie’s opening race, Fauss has his photo taken at the insistence of his mother, who does not have a photo of her son, at least not in racing leathers. Notice Fauss’s expression in the screenshot. His mother wants him to smile for the camera, but the freelance photographer triggers Fauss’s dodgy geezer antennae in a way that the outwardly more devious Knox does not.

Mounted start marshal imposing order

Mounted start marshal imposing order

The movie includes real race preparations. And some unreal preparations. Knox sees a blond girl in a bikini hanging around the starting area. He grins at her and stuffs a hand down his pants suggestively. She smiles back and looks down shyly.

You get to see a lot of this stretch of desert.

You get to see a lot of this stretch of desert.


Acting the part

The acting, including by Pollard and Redford, is (in my opinion) extremely good. For example, when Fauss encounters Knox in the motorcycle and parts store where Fauss works, you could gain the impression that Fauss is a shallow individual easily manipulated by Knox’s social skills.

Mom and Pop Fauss try to dissuade Little from teaming up with his new friend Halsy

Mom and Pop Fauss try to dissuade Little from teaming up with his new friend Halsy

However, later, Fauss listens to his parents’ concerns about his new friend before replying with a thoughtful critique of his own, demonstrating that he sees beyond Knox’s superficial exterior. OK, it is good script writing, but Pollard seems to really be Fauss rather than an actor playing a part.

“Anyway, what else is there to do?”

“Anyway, what else is there to do?”

Equally, Halsy Knox (Redford) is not just a schemer. He is has insights of his own and he is not only brave and skilled (up to a point) he also has a drive to succeed. In addition, he is genuinely enthusiastic about dirt bike racing. That is demonstrated when he comes second in a floodlit night motocross (only in the USA!) and, in contrast to his usual cynical conversation, while still catching his breath, he talks at the proverbial mile a minute deconstructing the race. In that scene, Redford does not appear to be acting any more than does Pollard. He seems to have just dismounted after a 45 minute moto. (Maybe he had.)

Incidentally, this out-of-character sequence reflects (possibly inadvertently) the belief that action sports are good for people’s development of character and should be encouraged. It is a shame that belief has given way to today’s brave new world of mass entertainment, ‘social media’, and dog walking as the only approved lifestyles.

This scene, although it suffers from being filmed at night, marks the high point of the Fauss-Knox partnership

This scene, although it suffers from being filmed at night, marks the high point of the Fauss-Knox partnership

Knox recounts to his woman the story of how he really acquired the immense scar on his back. She does not respond the way he wants and he complains that, even when he tells the truth, she does not listen, so what good is the truth?

However, Knox later tells a different story of how he really acquired the scar! This is what puzzles many honest people about compulsive liars: How do they keep track so as to avoid being tripped up? Retrospective reality is fixed, yet hard to always remember accurately, but fiction is almost infinite! This story illustrates Knox’s method, which seems to me plausible. He does not attempt to create a consistent fiction. He just tells another lie. When someone points out the discrepancy, he either ignores it or admits to having got it wrong – and invents an even bigger lie that encompasses his previous fictions.

Later in the story, a woman who turns out to be his match in terms of getting what she wants, helps him get his various stories straight. Women – some women at least – are co-conspirators in apparent deceit. (See my digression, Duality of woman.)


Context

The American war in Vietnam was in progress – including the draft of young men like Fauss and Knox into the armed forces. Incidentally, both are drafted; one before the story starts and the other near the end. They each react differently and characteristically to the draft.

Aircraft carrier seen by Knox as he drives over San Francisco’s Golden Gate bridge

Aircraft carrier seen by Knox as he drives over San Francisco’s Golden Gate bridge

The challenge for an ambitious and able young fellow then, as now, is how to stand out from the crowd – to succeed – to establish (in the eyes of attractive women of course) one’s superiority to other men. (The first Apollo moon landing was made at about this time, so the bar was set fairly high.) Off-road motorcycle sport was that mechanism for many young men in the USA and where I live in Britain. (It also applied in Europe and doubtless in other advanced societies.) Unfortunately, you had to be both a good rider and a good mechanic, or you needed a newer bike that only the wealthy could afford. Fauss, who at least has mechanical ability, and Knox, who does not, are both caught in that struggle. They attempt to overcome various obstacles by joining forces.

The film features a range of different kinds of motorcycle racing from desert enduro to road racing. (This was the era of Gary Nixon, Cal Rayborn, and Gene Romero.) It even includes a hill climb.


Lights, camera, action

At this time, motorcycle sport in the USA consisted of its own kind of races and bikes; North America was still catching up with Britain and the continent of Europe in these respects. For example, the American desert enduro featured a Le Mans style start where the riders stand in a ragged line and, upon the start being signalled, they rush to their bikes, start the engines, and go. Other starting techniques depicted in the film seem to Brits like me even more bizarre. Apparently, one type of motocross start demanded that you sit on your bike with the engine running, but your left hand (for the clutch lever) had to be touching your head (helmet). At least, that is what I infer from the mass of wobbly left hand salutes. (I assume the Americans eventually got wise to the fact that, in motocross, you don’t actually need the clutch to put the bike in gear!)

After the floodlit night race, two girls claim Knox and a cat fight develops. However, Knox knows how to turn such a situation to advantage. The next morning, Knox says to Fauss (who slept in the truck) “Once a chick swings AC/DC on ya, split.” (There is something in this film for everyone. However, don’t expect too much. This is an American movie made in the 1960s, where censorship was even more stringent than in Britain. There is a bit more lesbian action in the 1995 movie When Night is Falling, made in Canada. See my review.)

Later in the story, Knox explains that he sees his apparent success with women differently from the way Fauss sees it.

Off to another race

Off to another race

Knox leaves all the mechanical work to Fauss, including when their truck breaks down. (In that respect, Knox reminds me of Robert Pirsig’s drummer friend in Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance. Hell, in that respect, he reminds me of me!)

While I have some criticisms of the filming, the daylight racing shots show some scenic bike racing action.

Knox (left) rides into a river

Knox (left) rides into a river

In an unlikely scene, Knox is forced off the track and into a river. (I am sure I have seen a Robert Redford character plunging into a river before somewhere.)

View from bike-mounted camera

View from bike-mounted camera

The makers of the film clearly put some effort into conveying the excitement of bike racing, including mounting cameras on bikes and staging reasonably realistic action. In the accompanying screenshot, the rider is either Redford or someone who looks a lot like him.


Little Fauss, Rita Nebraska (Lauren Hutton) and Halsy Knox

Little Fauss, Rita Nebraska, and Halsy Knox

Fauss bluntly criticises Knox’s riding. We do not generally worry about things that do not concern us personally, so it is safe to assume that Fauss sees the same faults in his own riding and takes care to avoid them in future. The predictable consequences of that are made evident in the final moments of the film. However, it seems to me that other (later) possible consequences of his interaction with Knox are left to the viewer to imagine.


Change of scene

Eventually, Fauss grows tired of Knox’s company. For one thing, while Knox gets off with a succession of girls, when is he (Fauss) to get a look in? I hope I am not giving away too much of the plot by stating that the friendship ends and the two men go their separate ways, although they continue to meet at races. At that point in the story, the action shifts from off-road to tarmac track racing.

Sidecar racing

Sidecar racing

Separate, but similar, scenes show each man looking out of their respective windows at similarly empty landscapes. The softly spoken and thoughtful Fauss relates to his parents what they already know about Knox. It is interesting in that he is stating the obvious, yet the way he speaks demonstrates his disappointment with Knox. Did he expect more? Yes. Knox is not all bad (from Fauss’s point of view). He is a good rider (again, up to a point), he is interesting and amusing company (for a while) and he introduces Fauss to women that he would otherwise not meet. (See my digression, Duality of man.)

Eventually, Rita tells Knox that he needs Fauss. Incidentally, that is while Knox and Rita are combing a beach for valuables with the aid of what she calls a Geiger counter. Throughout the story, Rita demonstrates her innate intelligence by her wide vocabulary and broad (but somewhat indiscriminate) range of interests, so it is simply education that she lacks. (Nor is she deceived by Knox. She retorts to one of his outbursts, while barely looking up from her book, “The World, starring Halsy Knox.”) That the most advanced and wealthy society in the world had (and maybe still has) such poorly educated citizens is a paradox. Sadly, it is a paradox applicable to Britain, a fact that has only become evident in the Facebook age, in which the semi-literate mass broadcast their ignorance. (Their parents never wrote anything down or spoke in public, so their ignorance was somewhat hidden. Unfortunately, Facebookers revealing their ignorance does not seem to prevent them becoming parents in turn. I digress…)

Little's mother, stopwatch in one hand, chequered flag in the other

Little’s mother, stopwatch in one hand, chequered flag in the other

An indeterminate time later (and doubtless several pairs of spectacles later) Fauss’s mother uses a stopwatch to time Little in practice rides outside their home. (The scene reminds me of my old mum coming to see what happened to me when I was de-rigging my hang glider at dusk after a day’s flying at my local hill in the spring of 1975. Being out alone at night with a broken leg – which is exactly what happens to Fauss earlier in the story – would be dangerous indeed.) During this practice session, Knox stops by. He is out to take advantage again. (But – Edward O. Wilson’s latest theories notwithstanding — don’t we do everything for advantage?) He asks Fauss how his father is and seems genuinely shocked at the reply.

Knox waits in a Hospital courtyard

Knox waits in a Hospital courtyard

For the second time in the movie, an ambulance conveys a patient away from the track side. (The first, at the start of the story, reminds me of an account by American author Tom Wolfe of a serious motorcycle racing crash he witnessed.) Knox, still in his racing leathers and holding his helmet, waits in a sunny hospital courtyard. He is so lost in thought that he does not at first respond when a nurse calls his name to convey some life-changing news. (It looks so similar to one hospital in Britain where my old mum was after a semi-paralysing stroke in the 1980s.)

Digression: Whether riding off-road motorcycles or flying hang gliders, we Brits do so in the knowledge that, if we are injured, the machinery of the state medical service takes care of us. Perhaps strangely, a similar mechanism seems to be at work in the supposedly business-driven USA, at least according to this film. First, when Fauss sustains a fractured leg, he is fixed up by a doctor.

In the scene I refer to here, the patient is looked after in a hospital that, although modern (that is, late 1960s modern) gives a strong impression of being run by charity. So different from Britain, yet so similar.

The story has a twist near the end, which indirectly follows the ‘sexual contract’ theory. (See my digression, Sexual contract.) Again, I am being obscure so as not to give away the plot, but Rita is in a telephone call box near a motorcycle racing circuit in northern California, speaking to a female telephone exchange operator (remember them?) who instructs her to insert 75 cents, which she does. That is her last appearance in the film.

Rita Nebraska played by Lauren Hutton

Rita Nebraska played by Lauren Hutton

Towards the end of the story, one of the two heroes does what is nowadays referred to as reinventing himself.

It strikes me that there is more to that than might appear. The story ends before any long term consequences can develop, but I know one individual who, adopting the behaviours of outwardly more successful people, but that were contrary to his own nature, developed an extreme case of paranoid schizophrenia. It eventually landed him in a secure psychiatric hospital.

Fauss shakes hands with another competitor while real racers doubtless wonder why all the cameras and crew...

Fauss shakes hands with another competitor while real racers doubtless wonder why all the cameras and crew…


Criticisms

What I at first thought of as a fault – that you get to see a lot of the same stretch of desert track alongside electricity pylons and they keep halting their truck at the same dusty road junction beside a railway line – might well be deliberate. “It’s like you never went nowhere at all,” comments Knox to Fauss about their travels.

As far as I recall, motorcycle racers rarely change from motocross to road racing or from solo to sidecar. However, to have the main characters do that is a convenient way to showcase these different aspects of motorcycle sport.

Another tightly framed shot

Another tightly framed shot

The filming is often too tightly framed for my taste, by which I mean it is too zoomed in, which gives it somewhat the low budget feel of a ‘made for TV’ movie, which it is not. It imparts a constricted feel in which I want to know what is to left and right and around about. For example, we are somewhere along a long dusty track, apparently in the proverbial middle of nowhere. Then, we discover we are right outside the Fauss residence (which is not saying much, to be fair). However, there might be a method there. What could offer more freedom than living in the wilds of southern California? Paradoxically, the daily grind and humdrum of everyday life occupies all of one’s attention, even there. (Regardless of where you live, when did you last look at the moon through binoculars?) In addition, we do not notice things familiar to us, such as where we live, so maybe the tight framing is an attempt to convey that. Nevertheless, I found it annoying at times.

Apparently, the title song by Johnny Cash won an award. All I can say about that is that 1970 must have been a slow year for whatever category of music the award was for. Ghost Riders in the Sky it is not.


Assessment

Neither Fauss nor Knox are cardboard cut-out caricatures of action sportsmen. They are both complex and contradictory enough to create new conundrums, expound ideas, and demonstrate refreshing insights at every turn.

The movie was made before the common man (and woman) urged their political representatives to close off-road biking areas both in Britain and the USA. One result of that closure is that the late 1960s and early 1970s are regarded by many as a golden age of off-road biking. Bike racing movies are rare anyway, especially dirt bike movies, so this film (along with the Steve McQueen documentary On Any Sunday) records important aspects of ‘first world’ life in the 20th century.

The film cannot help being interpreted as commentary on American society and, therefore, commentary on all western ‘first world’ societies. For example, Fauss, Knox, and Rita sit beside a ‘nodding donkey’ oil well that casually spills ‘black gold’ while slowly and automatically turning its Dallas owners into millionaires. Automation was supposed to free the people from the shackles of labour so that young men can compete for the attentions of young women in the fields of sport, science, art, and literature. That it has done. But only some people. The genetically catastrophic result is that, nowadays, men compete for the attentions of women in the fields of deviousness, moneymaking, and social skills.

San Francisco viewed from Knox's vehicle

San Francisco viewed from Knox’s vehicle

Brits of my generation look up to the USA as a land of snow-capped mountains, forested hills, and desert canyons — as well as modern cities – all populated by astronauts who spend their weekends hang gliding and air stewardesses who, in their free time, wait with refreshments ready in the landing zones. (I exaggerate of course.) However, this film paints a different picture. It is a view that accords more with observations by Americans touring Britain and Europe that I have heard and read, where they are amazed at how the scenery and weather change every few miles. (Brits like me don’t know any different.) The monotonous desert and farmland scenery of Fauss and Knox’s part of the USA is conveyed both by the filming and by Knox’s complaint to Fauss that they travel endlessly, yet everywhere is the same.

To illustrate the point further, a contrasting scene is where Knox and Rita arrive in San Francisco and marvel at sights such as the Golden Gate bridge. However, their wonder should not be a surprise, given that most UK citizens in provincial Britain view London and its denizens as a separate and exotic society. (I lived there when a youngster in the 1960s and I view it as a grey and dismal collection of streets and buildings.)

Another digression: The story is also one of a man overcoming his physical limitations and another failing to overcome his character limitations. I do not know whether Fauss is based on a real individual, but, in the supporting material accompanying the Steve McQueen funded documentary On Any Sunday, one rider explains his technique of looking back to see who was behind him on bends: He ducked his head down and looked under his inside arm. Soon, other riders copied the technique and, for a while, it became quite the fashion in American motorcycle races. However, his reason for doing so was that, being blind in one eye, it was the only way he could look behind in that direction!

Related (internal links)

20th Century Foxley — a bomber crewman who placed himself in harm’s way and paid a price

Blue, blue, electric blue, my review of the 1973 motorcycle film Electra Glide in Blue

Hero to Zero, about another ‘tries harder’ guy with poor eyesight, but great intelligence combined with strength of character. It is set in Japan during the earlier half of the 20th century, where high technology rubbed shoulders with extreme poverty.

Motocross in miniature: Building Joël Robert’s Suzuki motocross bike of 1970 in 1/12th scale

Off-road bikes

School of hard Knox: Collected extra digressions linked to in this review

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